Epilepsy is a central nervous system
(CNS) disorder which occur as a result of abnormal nerve cell activity
in the brain. Such types of atypical electrical impulse leads to
short-term changes in movement, behavior, awareness and sensation.
These interruptions are known as seizures and they may last from a few
seconds to a few minutes. A person who have experienced two or more
unprovoked seizures is considered to be suffering from Epilepsy.
A seizure occurs when a burst of
electrical impulse in our brain escapes its normal limit. It spreads
over neighboring areas and create an uncontrolled storm of electrical
activity. There are certain factors that are known to provoke the
chances of seizures in epilepsy. Missing medical doses, taking heavy
alcohol drinks, use of drugs like cocaine, and lack of sleep are such
factors that triggers the onset of an epilepsy seizure.
Treatment and control
A well prescribed treatment can prevent
seizures in most people who have epilepsy .The majority of Epileptic
seizures are controlled by anticonvulsant drugs that comes under
specific category of epilepsy medications. Unlike other treatments,
epilepsy treatment is carried out after proper examination of
patientsí physical and mental condition. A doctor will initiate the
treatment by figuring out the type of epilepsy and kinds of seizures a
patient is experiencing. Treatment that controls a kind of seizure may
prove to be ineffective for another kind of seizure. It may consume
time for a doctor to examine the type of seizures in order to
prescribe appropriate medication for epilepsy. The main goal of such
analysis is to incorporate a dosage schedule that shows minimal side
effects and prevent seizures.
Drugs and medicines are the first and
most common approach for epilepsy treatment. It is important to note
that antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drugs do not cure epilepsy but
they help prevent seizures in most of the people. After the first
seizure, it is hard to predict the arrival of next seizure. Hence it
becomes difficult to decide when to begin with epilepsy medication.
Antiepileptic medicines are not recommended until you have risk
factors for having another seizure. These factors include brain
injury, abnormal test results, or a hereditary epileptic history.
The choice of medicines for epilepsy is
based on factors like a patientís tolerance of side effects, severity
of seizures and medicationsí delivery method. There are around 26
antiepileptic drugs used to treat seizures and different drugs
included in this category work for different seizures. For instance,
Gabapentin 300mg is used for focal seizures while Phenobarbital and
Phenytoin are used in atonic seizures. Some of the most common types
of epilepsy medication include Clobazam, Acetazolamide, Primidone and
sodium valproate etc.
In cases, where epilepsy haven not been controlled with medicines,
having a brain surgery can reduce the frequency and severity of
seizures. Brain surgery for epilepsy includes removing an area of an
abnormal tissue in the brain or the specific area of the brain where
seizures occur most. Surgery can improve the lives of numerous
carefully screened people suffering from epilepsy.
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